When it comes to architecture, there are few places in the world that can match London, United Kingdom. Known for its diverse and fascinating architecture, the London postcode of NW3, Hampstead is a true delight for anyone interested in the history and beauty of the city's buildings. Hampstead boasts a range of architectural styles from Georgian, Edwardian, and Victorian to Gothic, Modern, and even Brutalist. In this article, we will explore each architectural style and provide examples of notable buildings found in this region of London.
Edwardian architecture is characterized by a mix of styles and is appreciated for its elegance, lightness, and simplicity. The Garden Suburb is a fine example of Edwardian architecture found in Hampstead. Designed by architects Raymond Unwin and Barry Parker in the early 1900s, it's a planned community of about 5200 houses spread over 800 acres. It's a beautiful combination of red and yellow brickwork that gives the streets a warm and welcoming ambiance.
Georgian architecture was popularized during the reigns of King George I – IV between 1714 and 1830 and is characterized by symmetry, proportion, and simplicity. Kenwood House is a great example of Georgian architecture in Hampstead. The house was built between 1764 and 1779 and today serves as a museum. Another of Hampstead's Georgian marvels is Fenton House, a grand mansion built in 1686, which today serves as a museum.
Victorian architecture is known for its ornate facades, elaborate decoration, and complex shapes. Hampstead House is a classic example of a Victorian-style house in this area. It was the home of wealthy timber merchant H.S. Goodhart-Rendel, who commissioned the famous architect Basil Champneys to design it in 1880.
Gothic architecture was highly influential from the mid-12th century until the 16th century. It's characterized by its expressive forms, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and flying buttresses. In Hampstead, one can see Gothic influences in The Logs at 17–20 Well Road and the Old Conduit House built in 1640.
Brutalist architecture emphasizes the texture of materials used in construction, sharp angles, and clean lines. Goldfinger House is a perfect example of Brutalist architecture in Hampstead. This building stands out for its honeycomb façade and geometric shape. It was designed by Hungarian architect Erno Goldfinger and completed in 1965.
The Bauhaus movement was influential in the early 20th century and focused on pristine, functional forms that emphasized materials, space, and light. The Isokon building, designed by Walter Gropius in 1934, is a prime example of this architectural style in Hampstead. It was initially intended to house members of the Bauhaus community. This building's sharp angles, flat roofs, asymmetrical shapes, and stark use of glass and steel have made it a landmark of modernist architecture.
Queen Anne Style
The Queen Anne style took place between 1702 and 1714 and emphasized asymmetry, gabled roofs, and the proliferation of small ornamentation. Hampstead's Burgh House, built in 1704, is a perfect example of this style. It is incredibly well-preserved, with original paneling, flooring, and fireplaces. Another Queen Anne-style building in Hampstead is Heath Mansions.
Tudor architecture is defined by its half-timbered façades, steeply pitched roofs with gables, and large chimneys. The Flask in Hampstead is a great example of Tudor architecture. It's a historical pub that has been in continuous operation since the 1600s.
Modern architecture is all about maximizing function and showcasing innovative use of materials. 2 Willow Road is a magnificent example of Modern style architecture in Hampstead. It was the home of the famous architect Erno Goldfinger and is a beautiful example of Brutalist architecture. The house is now owned and managed by the National Trust.
Hampstead's NW3 postcode boasts of a rich and diverse architectural history that has left a mark on the city's landscape. The various architectural styles preserve the history of Hampstead and are an excellent example of how architecture can shape and express cultural values. From the intricate details of Georgian and Victorian architecture to the stark minimalism of Modern and Brutalist styles, each architectural design has its distinct appeal and merits. If you're looking for an area to invest and experience the incredible beauty and history of London's architecture, NW3, Hampstead, should definitely be on your list.
KIRE helps local and international clients find and sell heritage properties in Hampstead, ranging from elegant Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian properties through to more modern houses and flats. If you would like to discuss buying or selling a Hampstead property with a sense of history, contact KIRE today.